Sustainable operations

Carbon footprint

Greenhouse gas emissions in tonnes of carbon (carbon equivalents)

 

Reference year 2011

2013/14

2014/15

2015/16

Scope 1 – direct greenhouse gas emissions

1,084,509

1,015,598

871,837

760,186

Scope 2 – indirect greenhouse gas emissions

2,432,102

1,786,594

1,495,710

1,416,418

Scope 3 – other indirect greenhouse gas emissions

6,113,122

5,562,362

5,151,775

4,589,161

Total greenhouse gas emissions

9,629,733

8,364,553

7,519,322

6,765,764

Definition: Level of all main emissions by Scope in line with the methodology of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

The following sources of emissions are included:

  • Scope 1 = fuel oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas (LNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), refrigerant losses from commercial cooling, refrigerant losses from air-conditioning, fuel consumption of company cars and the group’s own logistics fleet, emergency power generators
  • Scope 2 = electricity consumption, long-distance heating and cooling
  • Scope 3 = all external logistics, in-house paper consumption for advertising and office purposes, business trips, goods and services purchased for own use, capital assets, upstream chain emissions and grid losses for all direct and indirect energy sources, waste, staff commutes, leased assets

Status of climate protection target

Greenhouse gas emissions in kilograms of carbon (carbon equivalents) per m2 of selling space


 METRO GROUP

Status of climate protection target – METRO GROUP (Grafik)Status of climate protection target – METRO GROUP (Grafik)


 Germany

Status of climate protection target – Germany (Grafik)Status of climate protection target – Germany (Grafik)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Status of climate protection target – Western Europe (Grafik)Status of climate protection target – Western Europe (Grafik)


 Eastern Europe

Status of climate protection target – Eastern Europe (Grafik)Status of climate protection target – Eastern Europe (Grafik)


 Asia/Africa

Status of climate protection target – Asia/Africa (Grafik)Status of climate protection target – Asia/Africa (Grafik)

Definition: Greenhouse gas emissions from METRO GROUP’s stores, back offices and warehouses (by selling space) included within the climate protection target. Included are the emissions from electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption, also counting upstream chains and grid losses, refrigerant emissions from commercial cooling and air-conditioning, fuel consumption by company cars, in-house paper consumption for advertising material and office purposes as well as business trips.

Explanation: We aim to reduce our specific greenhouse gas emissions by 50 per cent between 2011 and 2030. In concrete terms, this means that we want to cut our emissions per square metre of selling space from 330 to 165 kilograms of carbon equivalents per annum.

Between October 2015 and September 2016, METRO GROUP generated 250 kilograms of carbon equivalents per square metre of selling space. The significant decline in emissions compared with the reference year 2011 can essentially be attributed to three factors:

  • Measures to reduce consumption relating to energy, company cars, paper and business travel, and to reduce emissions caused by refrigerant loss
  • General technical and scientific developments as reflected by the adjustment of the emission factors used to calculate carbon equivalents
  • Changes in the store portfolio due to the sale of old and purchase of new locations. In Eastern Europe and Asia, for instance, particularly emission-intensive locations were sold. On the other hand, locations in Germany and Western Europe with emissions per square metre of selling space below the group average were sold

Trends in the emission sources included in the climate protection target

Greenhouse gas emissions in kilograms of carbon (carbon equivalents) per m2 of selling space

 

Reference year 2011

2015/16

Change in %

Electricity consumption

211.9

150.0

−29.2

Thermal energy consumption

28.1

29.7

5.7

Company cars

7.1

7.5

6.1

Refrigerant losses

56.7

44.7

–21.2

Paper consumption

23.3

16.4

–29.9

Business travel

2.8

1.8

–34.9

Total

329.9

250.1

–24.2

Definition: Trends in carbon emissions per square metre from all the emission sources included in the climate protection target compared to the reference year 2011.

Total energy consumption (in MWh)

in MWh

2013/14

2014/15

2015/16

Fuel (heating oil, gas, petrol, diesel, LPG, LNG)

1,338,512

1,275,001

1,196,022

Electricity

3,594,949

3,071,126

2,964,314

District heating/cooling

223,355

136,719

140,881

Steam

0

0

0

Total energy consumption

5,156,817

4,482,847

4,301,217

Definition: Energy consumption for operating the locations and for transportation broken down into the different types of energy used. Fuel includes fuel oil, combustion fuel, natural gas and liquefied natural gas.

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption (in kWh per m2of selling space)


 METRO GROUP

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – METRO GROUP (Grafik)Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – METRO GROUP (Grafik)


 Germany

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Germany (Grafik)Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Germany (Grafik)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Western Europe (Grafik)Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Western Europe (Grafik)


 Eastern Europe

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Eastern Europe (Grafik)Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Eastern Europe (Grafik)


 Asia/Africa

Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Asia/Africa (Grafik)Electricity, heating and cooling energy consumption – Asia/Africa (Grafik)

Definition: Locations’ energy consumption in relation to selling space. Energy consumption consists of electricity consumption and heating and cooling energy consumption (fuel oil, natural gas, liquefied natural gas [LNG], liquefied petroleum gas [LPG], emergency power generators and long-distance heating/cooling).

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated (in l per m2 of selling space)


 METRO GROUP

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – METRO GROUP (Grafik)Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – METRO GROUP (Grafik)


 Germany

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Germany (Grafik)Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Germany (Grafik)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Western Europe (Grafik)Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Western Europe (Grafik)


 Eastern Europe

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Eastern Europe (Grafik)Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Eastern Europe (Grafik)


 Asia/Africa

Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Asia/Africa (Grafik)Water withdrawal and wastewater generated – Asia/Africa (Grafik)

Definition: Water withdrawal by the locations in relation to selling space.

Explanation: In absolute terms, METRO GROUP drew 6.4 million m3 of fresh water in the reporting period. At the warehouses, stores and back offices, water is primarily used for cleaning and sanitary facilities. In addition to this, water may be used for storing, transporting and selling food, for example for keeping live fish or making ice to chill fresh fish.

At the group level, we measure and monitor the amount of water which the company draws from the public drinking water supply. The public drinking water supply is the only source from which we draw significant amounts of water.

We also measure and monitor the total amount of wastewater we generate at the group level. As our locations do not consume a significant amount of water, our calculations are based on the assumption that the volume of wastewater is the same as the amount of fresh water. All wastewater is fed into public sewers. We do not monitor the quality of the wastewater ourselves as this is not relevant given the usage described above.

Amount of waste and recycling rate (in kg per m2 of selling space and in %)


 METRO GROUP

Amount of waste and recycling rate – METRO GROUP (Grafik)Amount of waste and recycling rate – METRO GROUP (Grafik)


 Germany

Amount of waste and recycling rate – Germany (Grafik)Amount of waste and recycling rate – Germany (Grafik)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Amount of waste and recycling rate – Western Europe (Grafik)Amount of waste and recycling rate – Western Europe (Grafik)


 Eastern Europe

Amount of waste and recycling rate – Eastern Europe (Grafik)Amount of waste and recycling rate – Eastern Europe (Grafik)


 Asia/Africa

Amount of waste and recycling rate – Asia/Africa (Grafik)Amount of waste and recycling rate – Asia/Africa (Grafik)

Definition: Waste generated in relation to selling space. The amount of waste is made up of waste for disposal, for recycling or heat recovery, and hazardous and organic waste. The recycling rate is the amount of waste for recycling and heat recovery plus organic waste as compared to the overall quantity of waste.

Explanation: The volume of waste in absolute terms fell again, to 512,272 tonnes. This can be broken down as follows:

  • Waste for disposal (84,919 tonnes)
  • Waste for recycling or heat recovery (296,429 tonnes)
  • Organic waste (66,967 tonnes)
  • Hazardous waste (63,957 tonnes)

When we calculate the recycling rate, we do not take hazardous waste into account because we cannot systematically record the way in which it is treated (recycled or disposed of) in all of the countries in which we operate. However, based on information from several countries, most of the hazardous waste is also recycled. In reality, the recycling rate is therefore considerably higher.