17. Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses can be broken down as follows:

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€ million

2013/14

2014/15

Wages and salaries

5,225

5,302

Social security expenses, expenses for post-employment benefits and related employee benefits

1,224

1,204

thereof post-employment benefits

(78)

(71)

 

6,450

6,505

Wages and salaries shown in personnel expenses include expenses relating to severance payments of €81 million (2013/14: €93 million). In addition, wages and salaries include restructuring expenses of €82 million (2013/14: €29 million), which also comprise severance components. Variable remuneration, which is partly based on the performance metric EBITaC, increased to €124 million in financial year 2014/15 from €84 million in financial year 2013/14. Wages and salaries also include expenses for share-based payments totalling €7 million (2013/14: €3 million).

Annual average number of group employees:

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Number of employees by headcount

2013/14

2014/15

Blue collar/white collar

233,584

226,895

Apprentices/trainees

7,992

7,067

 

241,576

233,962

This includes an absolute number of 60,341 (2013/14: 61,700) part-time employees. The percentage of employees working outside of Germany (full-time equivalents) stood at 65.2 per cent (2013/14: 66.1 per cent).