16. Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses can be broken down as follows:

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€ million

12M 2012

9M 2012

9M 2013

1

Adjustment of previous year (see chapter “Notes to the group accounting principles and methods”)

Wages and salaries

6,124

4,575

4,414

Social security expenses, expenses for post-employment benefits and related employee benefits1

1,365

1,023

1,023

thereof post-employment benefits1

(66)

(57)

(66)

 

7,489

5,598

5,437

Wages and salaries shown in personnel expenses include expenses relating to severance payments of €55 million (9M 2012: €29 million; 12M 2012: €68 million). In addition, wages and salaries include restructuring expenses of €20 million (9M 2012: €119 million; 12M 2012: €119 million), which also comprise severance components. Wages and salaries also include expenses for share-based payments totalling €7 million (9M 2012: income of €2 million; 12M 2012: income of €3 million).

Annual average number of group employees:

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Number of employees

12M 2012

9M 2012

9M 2013

Blue collar/white collar

278,811

277,418

269,493

Apprentices/trainees

9,296

9,146

9,101

 

288,107

286,564

278,594

This includes an absolute number of 75,144 (9M 2012: 76,329; 12M 2012: 76,749) part-time employees. The percentage of employees working outside of Germany (full-time equivalents) stood at 63.5 per cent (9M 2012: 64.0 per cent; 12M 2012: 64.1 per cent).