Consolidation principles

The financial statements of German and foreign subsidiaries included in the consolidated accounts are prepared using uniform accounting and valuation methods as required by IAS 27 (Consolidated and Separate Financial Statements).

Consolidated companies that, unlike METRO AG, do not close their financial year on 30 September prepared interim financial statements for IFRS consolidation purposes.

In accordance with IFRS 3 (Business Combinations), capital consolidation is accomplished using the purchase method. In the case of business combinations, the carrying amounts of the investments are offset against the revalued pro rata equity of the subsidiaries as of their acquisition dates. Any positive differences remaining after the allocation of hidden reserves and charges are capitalised as goodwill. Goodwill is tested for impairment regularly once a year – or more frequently if changes in circumstances indicate a possible impairment. If the carrying amount of a unit that was assigned a goodwill exceeds the recoverable amount, an impairment loss of the goodwill is recognised to the amount of the difference between both values.

In addition, in the case of business combinations, hidden reserves and charges attributable to non-controlling interests must be disclosed and reported in equity as “non-controlling interests”. METRO GROUP does not use the option to recognise the goodwill attributable to non-controlling interests. In accordance with IFRS 3, any negative differences remaining after the allocation of hidden reserves and charges as well as after another review during the period in which the business combination took place are amortised to income.

Purchases of additional shareholdings in companies where a controlling interest has already been acquired are recognised as equity transactions. As a result, the assets and liabilities are not remeasured at fair value nor are any gains or losses recognised. Any differences between the cost of the additional shareholding and the carrying amount of the net assets on the date of acquisition are directly offset against the capital attributable to the buyer.

Investments accounted for using the equity method are treated in accordance with the principles applying to full consolidation, with existing goodwill being included in the recognition of the investment, and any impairment losses of this goodwill being included in the result from associates and joint ventures in the financial result. Any deviating accounting and measurement methods used in the equity valuation’s underlying financial statements are retained as long as they do not substantially contradict METRO GROUP’s uniform accounting and measurement methods.

Any impairment losses and reversals of impairment losses to shares in consolidated subsidiaries carried in the individual financial statements are reversed.

Intra-group profits and losses are eliminated, sales, expenses and income as well as receivables and liabilities and/or provisions are consolidated. Interim results in fixed assets or inventories resulting from intra-group transactions are eliminated unless they are of minor significance. In accordance with IAS 12 (Income Taxes), deferred taxes are recognised for consolidated transactions. Unrealised gains from transactions with companies accounted for using the equity method are derecognised against the investment in the amount of the group’s share in the investment company.

A reduction in the holding in a subsidiary must be recognised in reserves retained from earnings as an equity transaction outside of profit or loss as long as the parent company can continue to exercise control. If a reduction in the holding or its complete disposal entails a loss of control, full consolidation of the subsidiary is ended when the parent company loses its control over the subsidiary. All assets, liabilities and equity items that were previously fully consolidated will then be derecognised at amortised group carrying amounts. Deconsolidation of the derecognised holdings is carried out in line with the general rules on deconsolidation. Any remaining residual stakes are recognised at fair value as a financial instrument according to IAS 39 or as a holding valued based on the equity method pursuant to IAS 28.