Sphere of action: Transport, warehousing, stores

Carbon footprint
Greenhouse gas emissions in t CO2 (CO2 equivalents)

 

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Reference year 2011

2012

2012/13

2013/14

Scope 1 – direct greenhouse gas emissions

1,084,509

1,132,693

1,068,706

1,015,157

Scope 2 – indirect greenhouse gas emissions

2,432,102

2,379,478

2,068,787

1,803,799

Scope 3 – other indirect greenhouse gas emissions

7,064,278

7,001,010

6,309,475

6,278,003

Total greenhouse gas emissions

10,580,889

10,513,181

9,446,967

9,096,959

Definition:
Level of all main emissions by Scope in line with the methodology of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

The following sources of emissions are included:

  • Scope 1 = heating oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), refrigerant losses from commercial cooling, refrigerant losses from air-conditioning, fuel consumption of company cars and the group’s own logistics fleet, emergency power generators
  • Scope 2 = electricity consumption, long-distance heating and cooling
  • Scope 3 = all external logistics, paper consumption for advertising and photocopying, business trips, goods and services purchased for own use, capital assets, upstream chain emissions and grid losses for all direct and indirect energy sources, waste, staff commutes, leased assets

Status of climate protection target
Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space

METRO GROUP
 

Status of climate protection target – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)

Germany
 

Status of climate protection target – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Status of climate protection target – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)

Eastern Europe
 

Status of climate protection target – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)

Asia/Africa
 

Status of climate protection target – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

Definition:
Greenhouse gas emissions from METRO GROUP’s stores, back offices and warehouses (by selling space) included within the climate protection target. Included are the emissions from electricity and heating energy consumption, also counting upstream chains and grid losses, refrigerant emissions from commercial cooling and air-conditioning, fuel consumption by company cars, paper consumption for advertising material and photocopying as well as business trips.

Explanation:
We aim to reduce our specific greenhouse gas emissions by 20 per cent between 2011 and 2020. In concrete terms, this means that we want to cut our emissions per square metre of selling space from 330 to 264 kilograms of CO2 equivalents per annum.

Between October 2013 and September 2014, METRO GROUP generated 273 kilograms of CO2 equivalents per square metre of selling space. Emissions were therefore approximately 28 kilograms per square metre of selling space lower than in the same period of the previous year. This means that we are already very close to reaching our target of 264 kilograms per square metre. The decrease in emissions can essentially be attributed to three factors: measures to reduce energy consumption, the sale of locations in Eastern Europe and Turkey, which were very emission-intensive for the most part, and the alignment of emission factors for calculating the CO2 equivalents of consumption with the current state of technology and scientific research.

*Value adjusted: Unlike in previous years, portfolio adjustments will no longer be made for environmental key performance indicators as of this reporting period (Real sales in Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Turkey in 2012 and 2013). This means that the prior-year data and the figures for the reference year 2011 differ from those cited in previous years. There are also deviations from emission levels stated in earlier reports; this is due to emission factors being updated and estimates corrected. Particularly in the case of emissions from refrigerants, this gives rise to a slight change in figures all the way back to the reference year 2011.

Trends in the emission sources included in the climate protection target
Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space

 

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Reference year 2011

2013/14

Change in %

Electricity consumption

211.9

160.7

−24.2

Heating energy consumption

28.1

29.6

5.5

Company cars

7.1

6.8

−4.0

Refrigerant loss

56.7

56.2

−0.8

Paper consumption

23.3

17.9

−23.4

Business trips

2.8

2.2

−22.5

 

329.9

273.4

−17.1

Definition:
Trends in CO2 emissions per square metre from all the emission sources included in the climate protection target compared to the reference year 2011.

Explanation:
We aim to reduce the emissions per square metre by 20 per cent between the reference year 2011 and 2020. Including the current reporting period, we have already achieved a reduction of 17 per cent, bringing us very close to our goal. At over 55 per cent, emissions from electricity consumption account for the majority of greenhouse gas emissions. Excluding the effect of selling locations in Eastern Europe and Turkey, we succeeded in cutting electricity-related emissions by over 15 per cent.

Emissions from heating energy consumption increased although usage fell. This was due to updating the emission factors.

Electricity and heating energy consumption (in kWh per m2 selling space)

METRO GROUP
 

Energy – Electricity and heating consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)

Germany
 

Energy – Electricity and heating consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Energy – Electricity and heating consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)

Eastern Europe
 

Energy – Electricity and heating consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)

Asia/Africa
 

Energy – Electricity and heating consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

Definition:
Locations’ energy consumption in relation to selling space. The energy consumption consists of electricity consumption and heating and cooling energy consumption (heating oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas [LPG], emergency power generators and long-distance heating/cooling).

Explanation:
We continued to pursue our energy-saving programmes in the reporting period and invested in technical measures at all four sales lines. As well as investing in technology, we are seeking to bring about changes in every single employee’s behaviour. We have rolled out an Energy Awareness Programme with this in mind because our staff can make a significant contribution towards saving energy by acting in an environmentally conscious way. This enabled us to make further reductions in our energy consumption per square metre of selling space.

In total, our direct energy consumption comprising heating oil, natural gas and LPG stood at 837,577 MWh in the reporting period. 3,817,590 MWh of electricity and long-distance heating/cooling (indirect energy consumption) was used.

*Value adjusted: Unlike in previous years, portfolio adjustments will no longer be made for environmental key performance indicators as of this reporting period (Real sales in Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Turkey in 2012 and 2013). This means that the prior-year data and the figures for the reference year 2011 differ from those cited in previous years. There are also deviations from emission levels stated in earlier reports; this is due to emission factors being updated and estimates corrected. Particularly in the case of emissions from refrigerants, this gives rise to a slight change in figures all the way back to the reference year 2011.

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration
Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space

METRO GROUP
 

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)

Germany
 

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)

Eastern Europe
 

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)

Asia/Africa
 

Refrigerant losses from commercial refrigeration – Greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalents) per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

Definition:
Greenhouse gas emissions in connection with the loss of refrigerants from commercial refrigeration systems (chilling and freezing, excluding scheduled refrigerant replacement, does not include refrigerant losses from air-conditioning).

Explanation:
Until now, we have used the key performance indicator “refill rate for refrigerants” here. METRO GROUP is increasingly making use of natural refrigerants which have a far lower greenhouse gas potential than the refrigerants that are conventionally used. For instance, the greenhouse gas effect of refilling 1 kilogram of the widely used refrigerant R-404A is approximately 4,000 times higher than refilling 1 kilogram of the natural refrigerant CO2. The previous KPI, “refill rate”, does not show these sizeable differences in the climate change impact. For this reason, we will report on the environmental impact of refrigerant losses via the associated greenhouse gas emissions in the future.

Refrigerants are lost following emissions due to leaks or malfunctions caused by damage to pipes, for example. The Media-Saturn sales line has no commercial refrigeration systems.

Compared to the previous year, we reduced emissions from refrigerant loss by 1 per cent.

*Value adjusted: Unlike in previous years, portfolio adjustments will no longer be made for environmental key performance indicators as of this reporting period (Real sales in Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Turkey in 2012 and 2013). This means that the prior-year data and the figures for the reference year 2011 differ from those cited in previous years. There are also deviations from emission levels stated in earlier reports; this is due to emission factors being updated and estimates corrected. Particularly in the case of emissions from refrigerants, this gives rise to a slight change in figures all the way back to the reference year 2011.

Proportion of eco-friendly paper (in %)

METRO GROUP
 

Paper – Proportion of eco-friendly paper in % – METRO GROUP (bar chart)

Germany
 

Paper – Proportion of eco-friendly paper in % – Germany (bar chart)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Paper – Proportion of eco-friendly paper in % – Western Europe (bar chart)

Eastern Europe
 

Paper – Proportion of eco-friendly paper in % – Eastern Europe (bar chart)

Asia/Africa
 

Paper – Proportion of eco-friendly paper in % – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

Definition:
The following paper types are considered eco-friendly: newsprint (containing 65–100 per cent recovered paper fibres) and magazine paper (certified as coming from sustainably managed forests or made of pulp bleached without the use of chlorine and/or with a minimum recovered paper content of 20 per cent). The proportion of these types of paper is calculated in relation to the total quantity of paper purchased via METRO GROUP Advertising (MGA) for advertising material and brochures. Office paper and paper not procured centrally by the sales lines is not included.

Explanation:
We succeeded in further increasing the proportion of eco-friendly paper in the reporting period. MGA purchased a total of 186,176 tonnes centrally, while the sales lines procured a further 19,584 tonnes of paper on a decentralised basis. The proportion of paper made from recovered paper fibres increased to 63 per cent of the total volume.

*Paper was no longer procured centrally by MGA in Asia in the reporting year 2013/14. This is because the business unit supplied by the central procurement company was discontinued.

Water consumption (in l per m2 selling space)

METRO GROUP
 

Water – Water consumption in l per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)

Germany
 

Water – Water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)

Western Europe
(excl. Germany)

Water – Water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)

Eastern Europe
 

Water – Water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)

Asia/Africa
 

Water – Water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

Definition:
Locations’ water consumption in relation to selling space.

Explanation:
In absolute terms, METRO GROUP used 7.3 million cubic metres of fresh water in the reporting period. At the warehouses, stores and back offices, water is primarily used for cleaning and sanitary facilities. In addition to this, water may be used for storing, transporting and selling food, for example for keeping live fish or making ice to chill fresh fish. Water is drawn from the public drinking water supply and is fed into the public sewage system as wastewater after use.

*Value adjusted: Unlike in previous years, portfolio adjustments will no longer be made for environmental key performance indicators as of this reporting period (Real sales in Poland, Russia, Ukraine, Romania and Turkey in 2012 and 2013). This means that the prior-year data and the figures for the reference year 2011 differ from those cited in previous years. There are also deviations from emission levels stated in earlier reports; this is due to emission factors being updated and estimates corrected. Particularly in the case of emissions from refrigerants, this gives rise to a slight change in figures all the way back to the reference year 2011.

Own logistics fleet in Germany (with the proportion of Euro 5 and Euro 6 vehicles and average consumption per 100 km)

Number of trucks
 

Own logistics fleet in Germany – Number of trucks (bar chart)

Proportion of Euro 5 or 6 (%)
 

Own logistics fleet in Germany – Proportion of Euro 5 or 6 (%) (bar chart)

Diesel fuel per 100 kilometres in litres

Own logistics fleet in Germany – Diesel fuel per 100 kilometres in litres (bar chart)
 
 

Definition:
Proportion of vehicles among the logistics fleet owned by METRO LOGISTICS Germany GmbH (MGL) in Germany which complies with the European emission standard Euro 5 or higher plus the average diesel consumption per 100 kilometres driven.

Explanation:
We are consistently switching to low-emission vehicles and have succeeded in increasing the proportion of vehicles which comply with the emission standard Euro 5 or higher to almost 97 per cent. Euro 6 vehicles make up almost 40 per cent of the fleet.

Reliable figures on the number of kilometres driven are only available for Germany, which is why we only report this KPI for Germany.

Group-wide, the vehicles in the logistics fleet and company cars used 46.3 million litres of fuel in the reporting period. This corresponds to energy consumption of 1,637,646 GJ.