16. Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses can be broken down as follows:

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€ million

9M 2013

12M 2012/13

12M 2013/14

Wages and salaries

4,414

5,960

5,838

Social security expenses, expenses for post-employment benefits and related employee benefits

1,023

1,368

1,356

thereof post-employment benefits

(66)

(78)

(88)

 

5,437

7,328

7,194

Wages and salaries shown in personnel expenses include expenses relating to severance payments of €94 million (12M 2012/13: €95 million; 9M 2013: €55 million). In addition, wages and salaries include restructuring expenses of €59 million (12M 2012/13: €29 million; 9M 2013: €20 million), which also comprise severance components. Wages and salaries also include expenses for share-based payments totalling €3 million (12M 2012/13: €6 million; 9M 2013: €7 million).

Annual average number of group employees:

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Number of employees by headcount

9M 2013

12M 2012/13

12M 2013/14

Blue collar/white collar

269,493

272,867

255,033

Apprentices/trainees

9,101

9,262

9,109

 

278,594

282,129

264,142

This includes an absolute number of 72,548 (12M 2012/13: 75,861; 9M 2013: 75,144) part-time employees. The percentage of employees working outside of Germany (full-time equivalents) stood at 61.5 per cent (12M 2012/13: 63.7 per cent; 9M 2013: 63.5 per cent).