Energy and resource management*

Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space**

Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)
Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)
Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

 

Definition
Greenhouse gas emissions from METRO GROUP’s stores, administrative units and warehouses (by selling space) included within the climate protection target. Included are the emissions from electricity and heat energy consumption, also counting upstream chains and grid losses, coolant emissions from commercial cooling and air conditioning, fuel consumption by company cars, paper consumption for advertising material and photocopying paper as well as business trips. The calculation is done by METRO PROPERTIES Energy Management (see also the section on data recording).

Explanation
Given the revised climate protection target, the information in this report is only comparable to that in earlier reports to a limited extent. See the chapter “METRO GROUP’s carbon footprint”. Emissions are declining for most emission sources. The energy-saving measures are having an impact in the energy context, although these need to be carried forward. Further successes have also been achieved in terms of paper. Despite a reduction of the leakage rate, there has been an increase of emissions in the area of coolants. This is attributable mainly to a shift in the type of coolant leakage towards cooling agents with higher greenhouse gas emissions.

* The KPIs and goals relating to energy and resource management have been audited by the auditing firm KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft. The assurance report is part of the online version of the METRO GROUP sustainability report.

** In 2011 we altered the scope of the emission sources recorded. For the years before 2011, however, some primary data is not available. The reporting year 2010 therefore does not include emissions from company cars, some upstream chain emissions and network losses from direct and indirect energy sources and coolant losses from air-conditioning equipment.

 

Carbon footprint – emission sources included in the climate protection target

 

Carbon footprint – emission sources included in the climate protection target (pie chart)

 

Definition
Distribution of the emissions relevant to the “20% by 2020” climate protection target to the respective scope in line with the methodology of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol. The new climate protection target covers the main emissions that can be influenced by us.

Explanation
In 2012 the total quantity of CO2 emissions included in the climate protection target amounted to around 4.0 million tonnes, of which Scope 2 made up the largest proportion with 59 percent.

 

Carbon footprint – all emission sources recorded

 

Carbon footprint – all emission sources recorded (pie chart)

 

Definition
Distribution of the amount of all CO2 emissions by Scope in line with the methodology of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.

Explanation
In 2012 the total quantity of greenhouse gases emitted amounted to around 10.3 million tonnes, of which Scope 3 made up the largest proportion with 67 percent.

 

Changes in the emissions included in the climate protection target

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Ermission sources

2011

2012

Change in %

Electricity consumption

211.9

205.8

–2.9

Thermal energy consumption

28.1

27.3

–2.6

Company cars

7.1

7.2

2.3

Refrigerant leakage

48.8

50.2

2.8

Paper consumption

23.4

21.3

–8.6

Business travel

3.8

3.0

–22.2

 

323.1

314.8

2.5

 

Definition
Comparison of the area-specific CO2 emissions of the emission sources included in the climate protection target over the base year 2011.

Explanation
The climate protection target was revised in 2012. By 2020 METRO GROUP intends to reduce its area-specific emissions by 20 percent as compared to the base year 2011. In the first year we were able to save as much as 2.5 percent, which means we are within the target range we have set ourselves. For further details also see the KPI climate protection target – greenhouse gas emissions in kg CO2 (CO2 equivalent) per m2 selling space.

 

Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space

Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)
Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)
Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Energy – electricity consumption in kwh per m2 selling space/thermal energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)
Thermal energy, electricity (key)

 

Definition
Specific energy consumption of METRO GROUP’s sites by selling space. The energy consumption consists of electricity consumption and heating and cooling energy consumption (heating oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas [LPG], emergency power generators and long-distance heating/cooling).

Explanation
The specific energy consumption in kWh per m2 selling space was reduced by 3.4 percent as compared to 2011. This is partly due to measures from the energy-saving programmes. Examples are the fitting of glassdoors to refrigerators, changing the lighting system or fitting energy-efficient fans in the refrigerators. Overall the direct energy consumption from heating oil, natural gas and LPG was 1,014,916 MWh. 4,541,648 MWh was attributable to electricity, long-distance heating and cooling (indirect energy consumption).

 

Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in %

Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in % – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in % – Germany (bar chart)
Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in % – Western Europe (bar chart)
Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in % – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Waste – amount of waste in kg per m2 selling space/recycling rate in % – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

 

Definition
Specific amount of waste (sum of waste for disposal, for recycling or heat recovery, hazardous and organic waste) of the METRO GROUP sites by selling space. The recycling rate is calculated from the sum of waste for recycling and heat recovery and the organic waste as compared to the overall quantity of waste.

Explanation
The specific amount of waste in 2010 is not comparable to 2011 and 2012 due to the improved data quality. In Asia/Africa in particular quantities had to be extrapolated for 2010. The space-specific amount of waste in 2012 declined slightly as compared to the previous year. However, the proportion of recycled waste also fell somewhat. In absolute terms 637,310 tonnes of waste were produced within METRO GROUP in the reporting year. This can be apportioned as follows: waste for disposal 144,674 tonnes, waste for recycling or heat recovery 358,518 tonnes, organic waste 73,758 tonnes, hazardous waste 60,360 tonnes.

 

Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space

Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Germany (bar chart)
Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Western Europe (bar chart)
Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Water – water consumption in l per m2 selling space – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

 

Definition
Specific water consumption by METRO GROUP sites by selling space.

Explanation
The specific water consumption fell by 5 percent over the previous year. This was achieved, for example, through improved recording of consumption and associated increased greater awareness among employees, identification and eradication of unnecessary water use and adjustments to the keeping of live fish. In absolute terms METRO GROUP consumed 8.5 billion l of fresh water. This is usually procured from the public drinking water supply. The quantity of fresh water roughly corresponds to the quantity of wastewater, which is usually drained into the public sewage system.

 

Refrigerants – refill rate in %*

Refrigerants – refill rate in % – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Refrigerants – refill rate in % – Germany (bar chart)
Refrigerants – refill rate in % – Western Europe (bar chart)
Refrigerants – refill rate in % – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Refrigerants – refill rate in % – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

 

Definition
Quantity of refrigerants refilled in existing commercial refrigeration systems by the total filling quantities of the systems, excluding scheduled refrigerant replacement. Refrigerants must be refilled following emissions due to leaks or malfunctions caused by damage to pipes, for example. The Media-Saturn sales line has no commercial refrigeration systems.

Explanation
The refill rate fell in Germany and Western Europe. This points to a successful implementation of the “Refrigerants” directive. The lower leakage rate in Asia/Africa was influenced above all by the increased number of new systems. Overall, however, the refill rate is not satisfactory.

* The reporting year 2010 does not include METRO LOGISTICS. This was included in the data gathering from 2011 onwards. No primary data is available for the years before 2011.

 

Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in %

Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in % – METRO GROUP (bar chart)
Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in % – Germany (bar chart)
Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in % – Western Europe (bar chart)
Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in % – Eastern Europe (bar chart)
Paper – share of ecofriendly paper in % – Asia/Africa (bar chart)

 

Definition
The following paper types are considered eco-friendly: newsprint (containing 65–100 percent recovered paper fibres) and magazine paper (FSC®-certified or made of pulp bleached without the use of chlorine and/or with a minimum recovered paper content of 20 percent). The percentage of these types of paper is calculated in relation to the total quantity of paper purchased via METRO GROUP Advertising (MGA). Office paper and paper not procured centrally by the sales lines are not included. The KPI therefore applies to 66 percent of the total paper quantity purchased by METRO GROUP.

Explanation
We extended the use of eco-friendly paper in the reporting year. For example, paper for Asia/Africa was purchased centrally for the first time, and this was 100 percent eco-friendly. Overall MGA and the sales lines procured 266,758 tonnes of paper (excluding quantities not procured centrally by Media-Saturn) in the reporting year 2012. In the previous year this was 287,884 tonnes. The proportion of paper made from recovered paper fibres was 58 percent.

 

Own fleet of lorries in Germany

Own fleet of lorries in Germany (bar chart)

 

Definition
Share of vehicles among the entire fleet of own company lorries of METRO LOGISTICS Germany GmbH (MGL) in Germany compliant with the European emission standard and the average diesel consumption per 100 kilometres driven.

Explanation
The share of lorries that satisfy the Euro 5 emission standard and the average diesel consumption remained constant in the reporting year. The planned expansion and replacement of the fleet with Euro 6 lorries has had to be postponed due to delivery issues with the suppliers. The total Group-wide consumption of fuel for the own fleet of lorries and company cars was 56,885,584 litres in the reporting year. This corresponds to an energy consumption of 2,014,703 GJ. The kilometres driven are only available as reliable figures for Germany.