15. Personnel expenses

Personnel expenses can be broken down as follows:

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€ million

2011

2012

Wages and salaries

5,959

6,124

Social security expenses, expenses for post-employment benefits and related employee benefits

1,327

1,371

thereof post-employment benefits

(69)

(72)

 

7,286

7,495

In the financial year 2012, wages and salaries shown in personnel expenses include expenses relating to severance payments of €68 million (previous year: €55 million). In addition, wages and salaries reflect restructuring expenses of €119 million (previous year: €42 million), which also contain severance components. Personnel expenses include income from share-based payments totalling €3 million (previous year: €19 million) are also included in wages and salaries.

Annual average number of Group employees:

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Number of employees

2011

2012

Blue collar/white collar

280,856

278,811

Apprentices/trainees

9,891

9,296

 

290,747

288,107

The above figure includes an absolute number of 76,749 (previous year: 79,229) part-time employees. The percentage of employees working outside of Germany (full-time equivalents) stood at 64.1percent compared to 63.5 percent in the previous year.