19. Other intangible assets

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€ million

Intangible assets without goodwill

(thereof internally generated intangible assets)

1

Including asset transfers to “assets held for sale”

Acquisition or production costs

 

 

As of 1/1/2011

1,535

(837)

Currency translation

–7

(–1)

Additions to consolidation group

40

(0)

Additions

155

(105)

Disposals1

–23

(–2)

Transfers

3

(–3)

As of 31/12/2011 / 1/1/2012

1,703

(936)

Currency translation

5

(1)

Additions to consolidation group

4

(4)

Additions

137

(87)

Disposals1

–108

(–56)

Transfers

1

(–1)

As of 31/12/2012

1,741

(971)

Depreciation/amortisation

 

 

As of 1/1/2011

1,099

(609)

Currency translation

–6

(–1)

Additions, scheduled

155

(103)

Additions, non-scheduled

19

(1)

Disposals1

–18

(–1)

Reversals of impairment losses

0

(0)

Transfers

0

(0)

As of 31/12/2011 / 1/1/2012

1,249

(711)

Currency translation

4

(0)

Additions, scheduled

164

(106)

Additions, non-scheduled

18

(8)

Disposals1

–95

(–54)

Reversals of impairment losses

–6

(–6)

Transfers

0

(0)

As of 31/12/2012

1,334

(765)

Carrying amount at 1/1/2011

436

(228)

Carrying amount at 31/12/2011

454

(225)

Carrying amount at 31/12/2012

407

(206)

The other intangible assets have a finite useful life and are therefore subject to depreciation. Impairment losses concern internally generated software at €8 million (previous year: €1 million), lease and usage rights at €0 million (previous year: €13 million) as well as acquired concessions, rights and licenses at €10 million (previous year: €5 million).

The additions to amortisations on other intangible assets are shown in the cost of sales at an amount of €3 million (previous year: €1 million), in selling expenses at €58 million (previous year: €62 million) and in general administrative expenses at €121 million (previous year: €111 million).

Disposals include reclassifications of assets to “assets held for sale” in the amount of €1 million. These concern internally generated software.

Research and development expenses recognised in expenses essentially concern internally generated software and amounted to €47 million in the current financial year (previous year: €37 million).

As in the previous year, there are no material limits to the title or right to dispose of intangible assets. Purchasing obligations amounting to €2 million (previous year: €1 million).