Development of personnel expenses

Our personnel expenses increased by 2.9 percent to €7.5 billion (previous year: €7.3 billion) primarily as a result of restructuring measures. Of this total, €6.1 billion was attributable to wages and salaries, including wage taxes and employees’ contribution to social insurance programmes. The rest was attributable to social welfare contributions, pension expenses and employee benefits.

We encourage our staff to set up their own private pension accounts. Our Group-wide future package provides them with voluntary benefits that exceed collective bargaining standards generally seen in the industry. In 2012, 55,931 employees in Germany took advantage of these benefits (previous year: 57,462 employees). This represents a share of 54.2 percent (previous year: 54.2 percent).

Additional information about personnel expenses is available in the notes to the consolidated financial statements in no.15 “Personnel expenses”.

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Development of employee numbers by country and segment

average full-time equivalents1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METRO Cash & Carry

Real

Media-Saturn

Galeria Kaufhof

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

1

Including possible rounding differences

2

US employees are employees of the Boston Trading Office (BTO). The trading office is responsible for seafood procurement.

Germany

13,952

13,468

29,932

29,186

23,562

23,306

17,478

16,899

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

1,876

1,864

 

 

2,300

2,287

 

 

Belgium

2,815

2,790

 

 

1,420

1,376

1,044

1,017

Denmark

490

502

 

 

25

29

 

 

France

8,430

8,426

 

 

485

13

 

 

Italy

3,977

4,046

 

 

6,294

6,266

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

112

119

 

 

Netherlands

2,948

2,753

 

 

2,329

2,514

 

 

Norway

 

 

 

 

0

4

 

 

Portugal

1,455

1,267

 

 

702

486

 

 

Spain

3,409

3,480

 

 

5,029

4,790

 

 

Sweden

 

 

 

 

1,497

1,534

 

 

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

1,239

1,217

 

 

United Kingdom

2,706

1,212

 

 

2

3

 

 

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

28,106

26,340

 

 

21,433

20,637

1,044

1,017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

2,523

2,470

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

1,157

1,143

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

3,474

3,383

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

1,098

1,041

 

 

860

700

 

 

Hungary

2,701

2,549

 

 

1,358

1,167

 

 

Kazakhstan

1,154

1,452

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moldova

663

716

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

6,391

6,321

9,652

8,746

4,907

4,642

 

 

Romania

5,535

5,484

6,343

5,842

 

 

 

 

Russia

15,968

17,444

4,350

4,434

3,338

3,747

 

 

Serbia

1,655

1,554

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

1,468

1,393

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

3,822

4,297

1,735

1,637

1,418

1,601

 

 

Ukraine

6,395

6,102

419

549

 

 

 

 

Eastern Europe

54,005

55,349

22,499

21,208

11,882

11,857

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

8,234

9,018

 

 

708

833

 

 

Egypt

600

537

 

 

 

 

 

 

India

2,136

2,937

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indonesia

11

25

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan

816

745

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan

1,404

1,803

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam

3,323

3,819

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asia/Africa

16,524

18,888

 

 

708

833

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA2

1

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

98,635

100,577

22,499

21,208

34,023

33,327

1,044

1,017

METRO GROUP

112,587

114,045

52,431

50,394

57,585

56,633

18,522

17,916

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

Others

METRO GROUP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

Germany

 

 

626

633

5,639

5,801

91,189

89,293

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,176

4,150

Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,279

5,183

Denmark

 

 

 

 

 

 

515

531

France

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,914

8,439

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,272

10,312

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

 

 

112

119

Netherlands

 

 

 

 

8

9

5,286

5,276

Norway

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

4

Portugal

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,157

1,753

Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,437

8,270

Sweden

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,497

1,534

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

84

87

1,323

1,304

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,708

1,215

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

 

 

 

 

92

96

50,675

48,090

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,523

2,470

Croatia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,157

1,143

Czech Republic

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,474

3,383

Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,958

1,741

Hungary

 

 

63

62

 

 

4,123

3,779

Kazakhstan

 

 

1

1

 

 

1,155

1,453

Moldova

 

 

 

 

 

 

663

716

Poland

 

 

317

386

165

117

21,432

20,211

Romania

 

 

1

1

430

525

12,309

11,852

Russia

 

 

89

275

647

801

24,393

26,702

Serbia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,655

1,554

Slovakia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,468

1,393

Turkey

 

 

117

118

38

24

7,129

7,676

Ukraine

 

 

 

 

8

8

6,822

6,659

Eastern Europe

 

 

587

843

1,287

1,475

90,260

90,732

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

 

 

 

 

576

534

9,518

10,385

Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

600

537

India

 

 

 

 

20

267

2,156

3,204

Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

25

Japan

 

 

 

 

 

 

816

745

Pakistan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,404

1,803

Vietnam

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,323

3,819

Asia/Africa

 

 

 

 

596

801

17,828

20,522

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA2

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

 

 

587

843

1,975

2,372

158,764

159,344

METRO GROUP

 

 

1,213

1,476

7,614

8,173

249,953

248,637

Enlarge table
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Development of employee numbers by country and segment by headcount

as of closing date 31 December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METRO Cash & Carry

Real

Media-Saturn

Galeria Kaufhof

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

1

US employees are employees of the Boston Trading Office (BTO). The trading office is responsible for seafood procurement.

Germany

16,295

15,520

38,805

37,810

26,134

26,676

22,346

21,582

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

2,123

2,088

 

 

2,652

2,761

 

 

Belgium

3,681

3,601

 

 

1,558

1,541

1,422

1,357

Denmark

698

768

 

 

26

28

 

 

France

8,846

8,816

 

 

12

13

 

 

Italy

4,647

4,732

 

 

6,993

6,918

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

108

137

 

 

Netherlands

5,080

4,631

 

 

4,337

4,612

 

 

Norway

 

 

 

 

0

2

 

 

Portugal

1,504

1,213

 

 

693

515

 

 

Spain

3,860

4,030

 

 

6,440

6,034

 

 

Sweden

 

 

 

 

2,168

2,159

 

 

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

1,430

1,351

 

 

United Kingdom

3,281

0

 

 

3

3

 

 

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

33,720

29,879

 

 

26,420

26,074

1,422

1,357

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

2,581

2,485

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

1,172

1,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

3,723

3,489

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

1,092

1,061

 

 

807

795

 

 

Hungary

2,781

2,653

 

 

1,388

1,139

 

 

Kazakhstan

1,280

1,361

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moldova

723

712

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

6,829

6,444

10,305

9,270

4,955

4,787

 

 

Romania

5,615

5,440

6,422

5,691

 

 

 

 

Russia

18,054

19,286

4,690

4,526

3,615

4,219

 

 

Serbia

1,622

1,540

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

1,474

1,387

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

4,117

4,407

1,858

1,767

1,593

1,728

 

 

Ukraine

7,144

6,789

424

840

 

 

 

 

Eastern Europe

58,207

58,170

23,699

22,094

12,358

12,668

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

8,492

9,995

 

 

992

786

 

 

Egypt

590

469

 

 

 

 

 

 

India

2,729

3,119

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indonesia

43

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan

1,077

1,011

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan

1,388

1,938

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam

3,805

3,872

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asia/Africa

18,124

20,404

 

 

992

786

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA1

4

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

110,055

108,458

23,699

22,094

39,770

39,528

1,422

1,357

METRO GROUP

126,350

123,978

62,504

59,904

65,904

66,204

23,768

22,939

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

Others

METRO GROUP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

Germany

 

 

656

663

5,942

5,765

110,178

108,016

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,775

4,849

Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

 

6,661

6,499

Denmark

 

 

 

 

 

 

724

796

France

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,858

8,829

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

11,640

11,650

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

 

 

108

137

Netherlands

 

 

 

 

9

10

9,426

9,253

Norway

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

2

Portugal

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,197

1,728

Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,300

10,064

Sweden

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,168

2,159

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

94

90

1,524

1,441

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,284

3

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

 

 

 

 

103

100

61,665

57,410

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,581

2,485

Croatia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,172

1,116

Czech Republic

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,723

3,489

Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,899

1,856

Hungary

 

 

60

66

 

 

4,229

3,858

Kazakhstan

 

 

7

6

 

 

1,287

1,367

Moldova

 

 

 

 

 

 

723

712

Poland

 

 

319

412

148

128

22,556

21,041

Romania

 

 

1

0

468

559

12,506

11,690

Russia

 

 

96

374

789

822

27,244

29,227

Serbia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,622

1,540

Slovakia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,474

1,387

Turkey

 

 

124

117

35

18

7,727

8,037

Ukraine

 

 

 

 

8

8

7,576

7,637

Eastern Europe

 

 

607

975

1,448

1,535

96,319

95,442

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

 

 

 

 

572

524

10,056

11,305

Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

590

469

India

 

 

 

 

75

402

2,804

3,521

Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

43

0

Japan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,077

1,011

Pakistan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,388

1,938

Vietnam

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,805

3,872

Asia/Africa

 

 

 

 

647

926

19,763

22,116

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA1

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

 

 

607

975

2,198

2,561

177,751

174,973

METRO GROUP

 

 

1,263

1,638

8,140

8,326

287,929

282,989

Enlarge table
Download XLS (23 kB)

Development of employee numbers by country and segment full-time equivalents

as of closing date 31 December1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

METRO Cash & Carry

Real

Media-Saturn

Galeria Kaufhof

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

1

Including possible rounding differences

2

US employees are employees of the Boston Trading Office (BTO). The trading office is responsible for seafood procurement.

Germany

14,015

13,355

29,781

29,077

23,479

23,692

18,157

17,471

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

1,897

1,877

 

 

2,310

2,375

 

 

Belgium

2,990

2,939

 

 

1,455

1,434

1,100

1,042

Denmark

486

526

 

 

26

28

 

 

France

8,480

8,465

 

 

12

13

 

 

Italy

4,067

4,140

 

 

6,497

6,422

 

 

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

105

131

 

 

Netherlands

3,093

2,713

 

 

2,429

2,556

 

 

Norway

 

 

 

 

0

2

 

 

Portugal

1,432

1,153

 

 

653

485

 

 

Spain

3,492

3,634

 

 

5,521

5,141

 

 

Sweden

 

 

 

 

1,689

1,642

 

 

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

1,299

1,205

 

 

United Kingdom

2,527

0

 

 

2

3

 

 

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

28,464

25,448

 

 

21,997

21,437

1,100

1,042

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

2,532

2,429

 

 

 

 

 

 

Croatia

1,164

1,101

 

 

 

 

 

 

Czech Republic

3,453

3,332

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greece

1,092

955

 

 

750

723

 

 

Hungary

2,589

2,528

 

 

1,362

1,115

 

 

Kazakhstan

1,277

1,361

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moldova

723

712

 

 

 

 

 

 

Poland

6,419

6,106

9,471

8,511

4,893

4,736

 

 

Romania

5,593

5,424

6,321

5,622

 

 

 

 

Russia

17,883

19,055

4,545

4,404

3,597

4,198

 

 

Serbia

1,622

1,540

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slovakia

1,453

1,378

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkey

4,115

4,405

1,672

1,611

1,590

1,728

 

 

Ukraine

6,285

6,294

424

840

 

 

 

 

Eastern Europe

56,199

56,619

22,433

20,989

12,192

12,501

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

8,484

9,943

 

 

992

786

 

 

Egypt

590

469

 

 

 

 

 

 

India

2,724

3,108

 

 

 

 

 

 

Indonesia

43

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

Japan

808

727

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan

1,372

1,889

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vietnam

3,704

3,770

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asia/Africa

17,726

19,905

 

 

992

786

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA2

4

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

102,393

101,976

22,433

20,989

35,181

34,724

1,100

1,042

METRO GROUP

116,408

115,331

52,214

50,065

58,660

58,416

19,257

18,513

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Real Estate

Others

METRO GROUP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2011

2012

2011

2012

2011

2012

Germany

 

 

618

624

5,764

5,701

91,814

89,920

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Austria

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,207

4,252

Belgium

 

 

 

 

 

 

5,545

5,415

Denmark

 

 

 

 

 

 

512

554

France

 

 

 

 

 

 

8,492

8,478

Italy

 

 

 

 

 

 

10,564

10,562

Luxembourg

 

 

 

 

 

 

105

131

Netherlands

 

 

 

 

8

9

5,530

5,278

Norway

 

 

 

 

 

 

0

2

Portugal

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,085

1,638

Spain

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,012

8,775

Sweden

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,689

1,642

Switzerland

 

 

 

 

88

83

1,386

1,288

United Kingdom

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,529

3

Western Europe (excl. Germany)

 

 

 

 

96

92

51,657

48,018

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulgaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,532

2,429

Croatia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,164

1,101

Czech Republic

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,453

3,332

Greece

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,842

1,678

Hungary

 

 

60

66

 

 

4,011

3,710

Kazakhstan

 

 

1

1

 

 

1,278

1,362

Moldova

 

 

 

 

 

 

723

712

Poland

 

 

318

411

141

121

21,242

19,886

Romania

 

 

1

0

468

559

12,384

11,605

Russia

 

 

93

369

781

808

26,899

28,835

Serbia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,622

1,540

Slovakia

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,453

1,378

Turkey

 

 

124

117

35

18

7,536

7,879

Ukraine

 

 

 

 

8

8

6,717

7,142

Eastern Europe

 

 

597

964

1,433

1,514

92,854

92,586

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

China

 

 

 

 

566

518

10,042

11,247

Egypt

 

 

 

 

 

 

590

469

India

 

 

 

 

41

401

2,765

3,509

Indonesia

 

 

 

 

 

 

43

0

Japan

 

 

 

 

 

 

808

727

Pakistan

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,372

1,889

Vietnam

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,704

3,770

Asia/Africa

 

 

 

 

607

919

19,325

21,610

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

USA2

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

International

 

 

597

964

2,136

2,525

163,840

162,219

METRO GROUP

 

 

1,215

1,588

7,900

8,225

255,654

252,138

Employees by region
full-time equivalents

Employees by segment (pie chart)

Employees by segment
full-time equivalents

Social audits of own Imports through MGB Hong Kong (graphic)